The rapid growth of smart, connected devices, digital services and cloud applications has generated an explosion of data. This phenomenon is introducing new experiences in every aspect of our lives, from smart cities to autonomous vehicles, precision medicine to immersive gaming, and more.
At the same time, thanks to Moore’s Law are possible to always greater processing capacity, which can be used both in the cloud that in the devices to exploit this amount of data. The analysis using data to gain timely and usufruibili information allows you to make new discoveries and improve services in areas such as genome sequencing, predictive maintenance in factories and fraud detection in the retail sector.
The combination of data growth and the increased processing capacity is a fantastic opportunity to transform both devices cloud computing, creating a virtuous circle of growth. However, one of the main problems is represented by bringing data as close as possible to the central processing unit (CPU).
Historically, the growth of memory performance has been much slower than the improvements in CPU performance, determining where the CPU remains frequently waiting for the data from the storage. In addition, we were limited by the amount of memory and the level of closeness to the CPU. These two constraints create a bottleneck for the data. The result was a technological gap between DRAM and hard disk drives. But the situation is changing, as that new technologies address the needs of memory and storage hierarchy.
Intel is driving innovations, with extensive knowledge of materials science and architecture of computers, to advance memory and storage at a much faster speed and eliminate this bottleneck. And two recent technological inventions, 3D technology XPoint and 3D NAND memory are critical to keep up with the combination of data continues to grow and more processing power.
Memory larger and faster storage offer significant value to the cloud, allowing us to automate and effectively analyze increasing amounts of data, so that companies can operate more efficiently. The need for innovation in storage and memory is clear and the opportunity is significant, whether it’s customer service, optimization of the supply chain, detection of financial fraud or research in precision medicine, which processes and analyzes huge set of genetic data in real time. Facebook and Intel, for example, work together with Intel Optane technology, and Facebook has agreed to redesign its storage hierarchy to take advantage of this type of technology. The first tests of prototypes of Solid State Drive (SSD) Intel Optane, employing 3D memory media XPoint, demonstrate a reduction of the latency times of 10 and an increase of throughput of 3 times with respect to a NAND SSD, allowing a transfer of much faster data between the storage device and the CPU.
The availability of storage faster and higher memory capacity is an advantage for many devices, enabling more immersive experiences with natural interaction. Let’s consider gaming, for example: the new generation of gamer wants more. The open world continuously and immersive gameplay that they expect would be unattainable with existing storage solutions and storage. The film sequences, the loading screens and the level changes are gimmicks used by developers to disguise the actual size of the memory or a storage bottleneck. With wider and faster memory storage, developers are able to guarantee extraordinary gaming experiences. In the near future you will feel even more like Intel is working with game developers to realize this potential.
But what exactly are the new Intel technologies regarding storage and memory?
3D technology XPoint is a revolutionary innovation that creates a new category of storage can dramatically reduce costs and trade-offs between performance and consumption addressed by most system builders when designing storage solutions and memory. It is much more dense than the DRAM and the NAND faster, allowing to place a greater amount of data closest to the CPU. Intel will use 3D technology Optane storage media XPoint and will be marketed in an SSD and Intel DIMM. This technology will make available extended memory capacity and faster storage to accelerate access to a greater amount of so-called “hot date”, that is, the data used most frequently, the servers and devices.
The 3D NAND technology allows us to offer greater amount of lower-cost storage. The Intel SSD drives with 3D NAND technology still offer more opportunities to use solid-state drives instead of hard disk drives in PCs, devices, and servers that store data on the cloud. SSDs are 1000 times faster than a hard disk drive, and these benefits translate into faster boot times, publication of videos faster and more fluid gaming experience and better. SSDs are also nearly 10 times more reliable than hard disk drives for better protection of personal data of users.
These decisive changes at the storage level, and memory also offer new opportunities to advance the computing platform, with new ways to use and optimize memory and storage in the platform. Consider the memory and storage with an eye to synergistic improvements to the architecture of computing and business growth. And if a terabyte of storage was possible to enclose in the space of a postage stamp or a petabytes in a space equal to a carton for pizza? That would save 250,000 songs in a device no bigger than a postage stamp, or 250,000 high-definition movies in a slim rack like a pizza box.
Intel will continue to enhance the 3D NAND technology and Intel Optane to keep pace with the speed of innovation in the computing, so that CPU and memory can be optimized to reduce data delays. At a time in which the memory and storage inevitably become increasingly important to the performance of applications in the connected world, these technologies will create new ways of thinking about computing in the cloud, and related objects. All this is part of the virtuous circle of growth, according to which the cloud, the Internet of things and memory are closely interconnected through connectivity and optimized by innovations of computing, made possible by the economic benefits of Moore’s Law